Hillary Rodham Clinton

Hillary Rodham Clinton is one of the most influential women in the world and one of most successful women in history of American politics. She resigned as the United States Secretary of State in early 2013 but she hasn’t made any long term plans in regard to her political career. She either didn’t rule out the possibility to run for a presidential nominee again.

Early Life

Hillary Clinton was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1947 as the oldest child to Hugh Ellsworth Rodham and his wife Dorothy Emma Howell. She graduated from Yale Law School in 1973 and moved to Arkansas one year later. In 1975, she married Bill Clinton but continued to build her career as a lawyer. In 1977, Hillary became the co-founder of the Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families and one year later, she became the first woman to chair the Legal Services Corporation. She also became the first female partner at the Rose Law Firm in the late 1970s and found herself twice on the list of 100 most influential American lawyers. When her husband was elected governor in 1979, she became the First Lady of Arkansas (1979-1981 and 1983-1992) and played an important role in the reform of education system in Arkansas. Meanwhile, she served as a member the board of directors at several corporations including the Wal-Mart Stores.

First Lady of the United States

Upon election of her husband Bill as the United States President in 1994, Hillary focused on her role of the First Lady but she also had a major influence on her husband’s politics. Her initiative, the so-called Clinton health care plan didn’t pass in the US Congress but she helped carry out several important acts and programmes including the Adoption and Safe Families Act, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program and the Foster Care Independence Act.

In 1996, she became the only First Lady to be required to testify before a federal grand jury in case of the Whitewater controversy but she was never charged with any wrongdoings. Two years later, the Lewinsky scandal is said to made her unsure whether to leave her husband or stay in the marriage but she decided for the latter for what she was both admired and criticised.

Political Career

Soon after the expiration of her husband’s second term as the United States President, Hillary started a political career on her own. In 2000, she was elected the US Senator in New York, becoming the only First Lady to run for the office and the first female senator of the state of New York. She was re-elected in 2006 and two years later, she ran for Democratic Party’s presidential nominee. Hillary narrowly lost to the next President of the United States, Barrack Obama who appointed her the Secretary of State after winning the Presidential election. Hillary thus became the first former First Lady to become a part of the Cabinet.